Don't Neglect Your Vehicle Maintenance
The performance you get from your vehicle is directly proportional to how you look at it, rather than its features. At this stage, a big and equally important factor for all vehicles comes into play: Vehicle maintenance. So, what is the periodic maintenance of the vehicle and what does it cover? How often is it performed and does it differ from vehicle to vehicle?
What is Periodic Maintenance?
Periodic maintenance is the process of changing the parts and fluids in the vehicle at certain intervals in order to make the vehicles safer and longer lasting. Periodic maintenance is a necessity for all cars, although it differs according to the gasoline derivative of the vehicle. In addition to safety, periodic maintenance with benefits such as making your journeys trouble-free, keeping fuel consumption at the maximum level and extending the life of the vehicle; It is realized when 15 thousand kilometers in gasoline cars and 10 thousand kilometers in diesel cars are completed. Now let's take a look at the basic steps performed in periodic maintenance.
Do Not Neglect Electronic Maintenance
When it comes to maintenance, the technical parts of the vehicles often come to mind and it is perceived as if a large part of the maintenance process is going on under the hood. However, there are many electronic components in the interior of the vehicle, just like the engine, and the most critical of these is undoubtedly the air conditioners. A gas with special mixtures is used for the operation of air conditioners. This gas, which is called air conditioner gas among the people, needs to be checked during periodic maintenance and changed if it is at critical levels. The biggest enemy of air conditioners, which is critical for both the driver and passengers, is cigarettes. Cigarette smoke completely fills the air ducts and it becomes very difficult to get rid of this smell. Another problem with the air conditioner is the adjustment of the hot or cold air you get from the air conditioner. In order to prolong the life of the air conditioner and not harm your health, there should be a maximum difference of 8 degrees between the cabin of your car, which is cooled or heated by the air conditioner, and the outside temperature, and you need to turn off your air conditioner approximately 10 minutes before getting out of the car. In this step, in addition to the air conditioning gas control, the air conditioning compressor, air ducts and pollen filters are also controlled.
Displays and Music Systems
Almost all of the screens we encounter in cars are now touchscreen and most of the malfunctions are due to user error. The most common of these errors is a "dead pixel", which means that one of the thousands of conductive materials on the screen has failed. In this situation, which causes you to not be able to see the image on the screen clearly, if there are multiple dead pixels on the screen and these sections are close to each other, you may need to request a replacement. The keys around the screen, as well as your screen, are made of very sensitive materials. It is recommended to be sensitive when using these keys. Finally, let's come to the sound system and speakers. In music systems, there are no problems in the areas where the connection points are located, unless there are situations such as impact or contact with liquid. However, incorrect or harsh use is the most common problem in infotainment or music systems, just as it is with screens, and is often not examined in depth in periodic maintenance. For this reason, drivers are required to perform these checks and report this to the authorized service if they experience a problem.
When we talk about safety equipment, we understand comprehensive systems, most of which are electronic, starting from the brake and extending to the signals. Many systems such as the Anti-lock Braking System or the widely used abbreviation ABS and Electronic Stability Program (ESP), which are in all cars produced in the last 10 years, are among the leading safety equipment. These systems, which are in all cars produced in the last 10 years, work with chips. That's why chips, which can be easily spoiled, need to be regularly monitored or replaced. The situation in airbags, which is another basic safety equipment, is very serious. Working with a special system in the partnership of sensors and chemical gases, the airbags detect the impact through their sensors and in less than a second, the chemical gas mixture is filled into the pillow. Thus, the activated pillow prevents the passengers or drivers from being hit. Then, within the next second, this gas is released and the pillow closes completely, making it easier for the survivors to breathe. Airbags have a very long life. Although it is known that this period is 10 years as a standard; It is expected that airbag sensors should be checked at 30 thousand kilometers for gasoline cars and 20 thousand kilometers for diesel cars, and to make sure that the airbags are opened and closed at the right time. It is also of great importance that the seat belts, which we know as another important safety equipment, are opened to a sufficient distance and they are definitely checked during periodic maintenance.
Brake Pads and Controls
Brake pads, which are one of the key points in vehicle safety, are known as the most detailed and frequently renewed parts of the vehicle in periodic maintenance. There is no specific time interval for brake pad replacement. Because the characteristics of each car, the road conditions in which it is used, the driving habits of the driver, etc. factors may differ. For this reason, brake pads need to be checked frequently. Original spare parts must be used in the replacement of brake pads, which need to be checked every 40 thousand kilometers. Apart from the brake pad checks, the other checks related to the brakes are as follows:
brake disc control,
Brake fluid and connections check,
Control of electronics.
How Important Is Engine Maintenance?
In order for your vehicle not to let you down, you must agree with your engine very well. Engine maintenance, which takes into account the distance traveled or the year of use of the vehicle, is usually carried out once or twice in the beginning of summer and winter. The parts that have undergone changes in engine maintenance are as follows:
Air filters, which take on the task of cleaning the air that the engine needs to generate pressure, play an active role in the operation of the engine. For this reason, it is considered as one of the important steps in engine maintenance, and filter changes are made in periodic maintenance.
Engine oils, which take on a friction-preventing task while the engine is running, may differ according to various brands and models. The main difference is that the oil maintains its fluidity depending on the temperature. Since the oil loses its function when it loses its fluidity, you have to use the oils recommended by the authorized technical services for auto oil change. If the engine oil level decreases within the scope of periodic maintenance, the renewal process is carried out using the recommended oil type.
The oil filter is known as one of the parts that are checked at every maintenance and replaced if necessary. This part, which keeps the engine oil, which prevents friction, always clean, is replaced within the scope of periodic maintenance in case of contamination.
The timing belt is one of the most important parts of your car's engine that moves the valves. Although the ones in the form of belts are usually replaced after 70 thousand kilometers, in some engine types, chains can be used instead of belts, since replacement is more difficult. The average life of timing chains is known as 400 thousand kilometers.
Deterioration, slow or faulty operation of the parts in the engine assembly cause insufficient pressure in the combustion chamber of the engine and use of more fuel than necessary. For this reason, the control and monitoring of chips is of great importance in engine maintenance, both for safe driving and for saving ruby.
Which Fluids Should Be Changed?
Other than fuel inside your car; There are also different liquids such as engine oil, antifreeze, water and wiper fluid. The first of these is the antifreeze liquid used to prevent the water in the engine from freezing. In regular maintenance, the antifreeze liquid and the water used to cool the engine are definitely added. Another important fluid in your vehicle is the wiper fluid, which helps you clean the windshields and rear windows of the car. If this fluid is reduced or completely depleted, operating the wipers may adversely affect many mechanisms, especially the wiper mechanism. For this reason, all fluids in your vehicle should be measured at periodic controls and necessary additions should be made.
Listen to the accumulator
The accumulator, or as it is commonly used, is one of the parts that should be carefully controlled. In the most general sense, the battery helps you with special technologies developed for your comfort, such as air conditioning or air conditioning, by producing the electricity required for your car. You can tell that the battery has started to run low by the faint sound you hear when you start the car. Since the vehicle is likely to stay on the road when the battery is exhausted, the battery needs to be charged before it runs out. Although the batteries are checked by technical services every five years, drivers are also expected to listen to the battery regularly.
The Clutch, The Most Sensitive Part of Your Vehicle
The clutch system, which you perform the gear shifts with your vehicle, is actually one of the most sensitive points of manual vehicles. If you do not change gears at the required revs and speeds, it is possible to encounter clutch stiffness. If the clutch lining is worn out, the entire clutch is replaced. During periodic maintenance, the clutch setting of your vehicle is checked and if a problem is observed, immediate intervention is made.
Take Care of Your Car's Appearance
Vehicle maintenance is as important for the exterior of the vehicle as for the safety of the vehicle. In order for your vehicle to "show itself", so to speak, you need to pay attention to vehicle cleanliness both inside and out. You can choose water guns for exterior cleaning, or you can leave the job to professionals to complete the cleaning in a faster time. Thus, you can get rid of the dirt that accumulates on your vehicle and corrodes the car paint or causes the metal surfaces to rust. In the interior, you can prevent the spread of dirt and bad odors accumulated in your car by cleaning the upholstery and seats, and ensure that other passengers travel comfortably as well as you.
How to Adjust Rod and Balance?
Wheel and balance settings are known as two different settings independent of each other. These settings, which are usually checked during periodic maintenance, are adjusted if necessary. Regularly checking the wheel and balance settings, which cover all important settings such as enabling you to go in the direction you want by using the steering wheel of your vehicle, greatly reduces the risk of accident.
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